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Department of Chemistry

 
Portrait of jrn34

What we do...

We are designing hollow supramolecular capsules or ‘cages’, which can be used to transport cargoes of molecules where we need them. These cages could be used to safely deliver drug therapies, reduce the costs and environmental effects of petroleum refining, and in many other areas. 

Figuring out the rules

We are interested in discovering and developing new ways in which simple building blocks may be induced to self-assemble into complex, functional structures. Our investigations currently focus upon the self-assembly of imine bonds around metal-ion templates, bringing both covalent C=N and coordinative N→Metal bonds into being during the same overall self-assembly process. The structures thus created can rearrange in well-defined ways at both covalent and coordinative linkages. Ongoing projects include:

 

Container Molecules. The diamine and aldehyde shown above self-assemble with iron(II) in water to form a tetrahedral cage. This cage traps guest molecules within its cavity with high selectivity. The cage may be opened and the guest released using different triggers, one of which is a drop in pH. Applications in drug delivery are of interest, as are investigations of changes in the reactivity and behaviour of guest molecules upon encapsulation.

 

Functional Materials. We have recently developed means to create metal-containing conjugated polymers through self-assembly. DFT calculations carried out by Laura Gagliardi and Christopher Cramer suggest that these might conduct electricity. Studies are thus being undertaken to investigate their properties.

Selected Publications

Feature Article: “Metal-organic container molecules through subcomponent self-assembly”, T.K. Ronson, S. Zarra, S.P. Black, J.R. Nitschke, Chem. Commun. 2013, 49, 2476-2490.

“Enantiopure Water-Soluble Fe4L6 Cages: Host-Guest Chemistry and Catalytic Activity”, Jeanne L. Bolliger, Ana M. Belenguer, and Jonathan R. Nitschke, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2013, 52, 7958-7962.

“Aqueous Self-assembly of an Electroluminescent Double-helical Metallo-polymer”, X. de Hatten,  D. Asil, R.H. Friend, J.R. Nitschke,  J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012, 135, 19170-19178.

“Anion-induced Reconstitution of a Self-assembling System to Express a Chloride-binding Co10L15 Pentagonal Prism”, I.A. Riddell, M.M.J. Smulders, J.K. Clegg, Y.R. Hristova, B. Breiner, J.D. Thoburn, J.R. Nitschke, Nature Chem. 2012, 51, 751-756.

 “White phosphorus is air-stable within a self-assembled tetrahedral capsule” P. Mal, B. Breiner, K. Rissanen and J.R. Nitschke, Science 2009, 324, 1697-1699.

“Systems chemistry: Molecular networks come of age” J.R. Nitschke, Nature 2009, 462, 736-738.

Publications

Ion‐Mobility Mass Spectrometry for the Rapid Determination of the Topology of Interlocked and Knotted Molecules
A Kruve, K Caprice, R Lavendomme, JM Wollschläger, S Schoder, HV Schröder, JR Nitschke, FBL Cougnon, CA Schalley
– Angewandte Chemie
(2019)
131,
11446
Different Modes of Anion Response Cause Circulatory Phase Transfer of a Coordination Cage with Controlled Directionality
N Mihara, TK Ronson, JR Nitschke
– Angew Chem Int Ed Engl
(2019)
58,
12497
A Zn4 L6 Capsule with Enhanced Catalytic C-C Bond Formation Activity upon C60 Binding.
Z Lu, R Lavendomme, O Burghaus, JR Nitschke
– Angewandte Chemie International Edition
(2019)
58,
9073
A Zn4L6 Capsule with Enhanced Catalytic C−C Bond Formation Activity upon C60 Binding
Z Lu, R Lavendomme, O Burghaus, JR Nitschke
– Angewandte Chemie
(2019)
131,
9171
Embedding and Positioning of Two FeII4L4 Cages in Supramolecular Tripeptide Gels for Selective Chemical Segregation
M Kieffer, AM Garcia, CJE Haynes, S Kralj, D Iglesias, JR Nitschke, S Marchesan
– Angewandte Chemie
(2019)
131,
8066
Multisite Binding of Drugs and Natural Products in an Entropically Favorable, Heteroleptic Receptor
FJ Rizzuto, JP Carpenter, JR Nitschke
– Journal of the American Chemical Society
(2019)
141,
9087
Enantiopure [Cs+/Xe#Cryptophane]#FeII4L4 Hierarchical Superstructures
D Zhang, TK Ronson, JL Greenfield, T Brotin, P Berthault, E Léonce, J-L Zhu, L Xu, JR Nitschke
– Journal of the American Chemical Society
(2019)
141,
8339
Post-assembly Modification of Phosphine Cages Controls Host-Guest Behavior
CT McTernan, TK Ronson, JR Nitschke
– Journal of the American Chemical Society
(2019)
141,
6837
Embedding and Positioning of Two FeII 4 L4 Cages in Supramolecular Tripeptide Gels for Selective Chemical Segregation.
M Kieffer, AM Garcia, CJE Haynes, S Kralj, D Iglesias, JR Nitschke, S Marchesan
– Angew Chem Int Ed Engl
(2019)
58,
7982
Fluorometric Recognition of Nucleotides within a Water‐Soluble Tetrahedral Capsule
AJ Plajer, EG Percástegui, M Santella, FJ Rizzuto, Q Gan, BW Laursen, JR Nitschke
– Angewandte Chemie
(2019)
131,
4244
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Research Group

Research Interest Groups

Telephone number

01223 336324

Email address

jrn34@cam.ac.uk