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The formation of ice is one of the most common everyday processes, but it lacks understanding at the molecular level. When ice forms at temperatures close to the melting point, it is almost always due to the presence of solid impurities that act as ice nucleating agents (INA). This is called heterogeneous ice nucleation. Yet what makes a good INA is still poorly understood. Furthering our understanding of this ubiquitous phenomenon is vital to an array of areas such as climate science, geology, vehicle operation, cryopreservation and biology. In my PhD I aim to achieve this through large-timescale molecular dynamics simulations where we directly probe the nucleation mechanism.


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