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Centre for Atmospheric Science


Active Projects: 


Powering Artistic and Cultural Entrepreneurship to Drive the Climate Transition.

PACESETTERS is an EC-funded project made up of a powerful consortium of 14 diverse European partners.

From a technological perspective, the climate transition is manageable – we know the mechanisms driving it, as well as the technical and economic capacity to reduce carbon emissions. However, the climate transition faces obstacles that aren’t solely technical but are instead a mix of political and social factors. It is changing these factors where the greatest challenges arise.

The search for strategies and techniques for revealing, persuading, and inspiring inevitably turns to art and culture. Here, power lies not just in the power to act and create affect, but also in its power to be affected – to adapt to radically changing circumstances, to incorporate the terms of those changes, and to persist or subsist is an innate power of arts and culture. The peculiar capacity within arts and culture, to question and to transform the world in place, is the key to overcoming the obstacles to effective climate transition.

PACESETTERS responds to the abstract challenge of the climate transition by shifting from a model of entrepreneurship based on individual, short-term incentives to one that is driven by co-agency and new capacities to act together in sustainable ways. It does so by examining the concrete circumstances, anticipating future threats, but also opportunities, investigating possible support mechanisms and stress-testing instruments that enable art and culture, creativity, and heritage to drive the climate transition.

As part of the project, PACESETTERS will:

  • Encourage and empower the artists and creatives to adapt and reframe urgencies of climate transitions.

  • Build capacities to thrive and step up to claim co-ownership of the transition.

  • Consolidate and drive their performance through effective evaluation and support frameworks.

  • Create knowledge from collaborative research to keep pace with the transition.

  • Propose and test creative and sustainable business models to set the pace of the transition.

  • Assess strategies of valorisation to push the pace of the transition.

The result will be a critical evaluation and all-encompassing demonstration of the actual potentials of the cultural and creative industries (CCI) to drive the climate transition while systematically analysing their impact on micro-, meso- and macro-level:

  • Understanding the climate transition as a triple transition: green, digital, and inclusive.

  • Innovating approaches created in rural communities, intermediary cities and planned urban settlements.

  • Renewing European core values through artistic and creative entrepreneurship unfolding from points of view that are typically marginalized but ultimately, show the greatest potential.

Find out more on the PACESETTERS website, or the LinkedIn page. 


Tsinghua - Cambridge Joint Research Initiative:

Enabling transition to a zero carbon future - just transition of workforce and maximising equality impacts (including health and gender).

With climate change being the defining issue of our generation, a key area of interest is a just transition - how exactly we can achieve a low-carbon future in a just and equitable way.

Many measures aimed at reducing carbon emissions have seen a simultaneous rise in inequalities (e.g., income or job losses, gender inequalities) in developed and developing countries alike. At the same time, however, abatement measures can also have beneficial impact and work to reduce existing inequalities (e.g., improved health). There have been numerous international discussions on the just transition - the importance of a just energy transition was even highlighted at the UNFCCC COP26 during 2021 - yet there is a lack of studies of just transitions at a global scale.

This project, Enabling transition to a zero carbon future, aims to conduct a scoping study on just transitions towards net zero greenhouse gas emissions, whilst preparing an additional research proposal to fund further work into this important niche.

Through the Tsinghua - Cambridge Joint Research Initiative, we will be able to exchange knowledge on climate models, as well as methods for exploring the transition to net zero in a just and equitable way, between the University of Cambridge and Tsinghua University researchers.

The project will conduct in-depth literature reviews and collaborative policy briefings, informed via discussions with experts and stakeholders, on the just transition. This includes investigating the just transition of the workforce, maximising the positive equality impacts (including health and gender) on the path to net zero, the changes required on an individual and societal level to achieve net zero, and the evidence-based policy needed to support this.


Past Projects: PARIS REINFORCE Logo


PARIS REINFORCE (PR) is an EC-funded project involving 18 European and non-European partners supporting the Paris Agreement (PA) goals.

PR aims to bridge the gap between formal representation in climate modelling, and the real-life context in which climate-orientated decisions are made by connecting science, policy making and stakeholders. In light of PA, the key aim of PR is to reinforce climate policymaking with rigorous scientific data and to enhance the science-policy interface. 

As part of this project, a large network of contributing academics and researchers are focussing on improving and enhancing the deployment of Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs) in performing global analyses of various climate change scenarios. This is the main goal of PR - to develop a novel and demand-driven IAM-orientated framework for supporting the design and assessment of climate policies in the EU and other major or less emitting countries.

In addition to this, the PR project is actively working on a transparent, interactive and open-access data exchange platform for climate modelling – I2AM PARIS

I2AM PARIS will enable stakeholders to compare different pathways to understand which are the most relevant and realistic, allowing for model inter-comparisons. The platform also hosts detailed documentation and analysis carried out by PARIS REINFORCE integrated assessment and energy system models. By doing so, the project can demonstrate how IAMs can be used in a more effective manner, as well as their role in fully understanding low-carbon pathway transitions and how best to achieve them.

As part of PR, a number of publications, commentaries and deliverables have been produced - detailing the scope of the project, research findings or policy briefs. These include the documentation of global IAMs, stakeholder needs & research capacity, game-changing innovation, and investigating optimal allocation of Green Recovery Funds.

Find out more on the PARIS REINFORCE website.


Related Articles

   Positive and negative effects of the coronavirus pandemic on climate change 

   Dr Annela Anger-Kraavi (June, 2020), PR Commentaries.

   Available to read on Estonian World.


Related Publications 

Expert perceptions of game-changing innovations towards net zero
S Perdana, G Xexakis, K Koasidis, M Vielle, A Nikas, H Doukas, A Gambhir, A Anger-Kraavi, E May, B McWilliams, B Boitier – Energy Strategy Reviews (2023) 45, 101022
Cultures of transformation: An integrated framework for transformative action
H Parris, AH Sorman, C Valor, A Tuerk, A Anger-Kraavi – Environmental Science and Policy (2022) 132, 24
A multi-model analysis of long-term emissions and warming implications of current mitigation efforts
I Sognnaes, A Gambhir, DJ van de Ven, A Nikas, A Anger-Kraavi, H Bui, L Campagnolo, E Delpiazzo, H Doukas, S Giarola, N Grant, A Hawkes, AC Köberle, A Kolpakov, S Mittal, J Moreno, S Perdana, J Rogelj, M Vielle, GP Peters – Nature Climate Change (2021) 11, 1055
Where is the EU headed given its current climate policy? A stakeholder-driven model inter-comparison.
A Nikas, A Elia, B Boitier, K Koasidis, H Doukas, G Cassetti, A Anger-Kraavi, H Bui, L Campagnolo, R De Miglio, E Delpiazzo, A Fougeyrollas, A Gambhir, M Gargiulo, S Giarola, N Grant, A Hawkes, A Herbst, AC Köberle, A Kolpakov, P Le Mouël, B McWilliams, S Mittal, J Moreno, F Neuner, S Perdana, GP Peters, P Plötz, J Rogelj, I Sognnæs, D-J Van de Ven, M Vielle, G Zachmann, P Zagamé, A Chiodi – Science of the Total Environment (2021) 793, 148549
Editorial of special issue on transdisciplinary science in energy transitions: thinking outside strictly formalized modeling boxes
H Doukas, A Anger-Kraavi – Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning and Policy (2020) 15, 453
Developing Green: A Case for the Brazilian Manufacturing Industry
C Gramkow, A Anger-Kraavi – Sustainability (Switzerland) (2019) 11, 6783

Centre Highlights

• January 2024: The CCPG have successfully submitted a proposal for PACESETTERS!

• September 2nd 2023: Dr Annela Anger-Kraavi has co-authored a paper analysing just transition narratives in European coal regions. Read the paper here

• December 13th 2022: The CCPG have co-authored a paper on game-changing innovations towards net-zero, published in Energy Strategy Reviews. Read the open access paper here.

• November 15th 2022: The final conference of PARIS REINFORCE is taking place today in Sorbonne. Read more about the event here

• October 24th 2022: The CCPG have successfully submitted a proposal for the Cambridge-Tsinghua joint research initiative! 

• May 5th 2022: We've submitted to the UNFCCC's Global Stocktake (GST). More information is available on our news page. 

• March 23rd 2022: Multiple CAS academics have published a paper investigating the future role of anthropogenic methane emissions. Read the open access paper here.

• Feb 18th 2022: Dr Parris and Dr Anger-Kraavi have co-authored a paper that develops a tool to support co-designed transformative change. Read the open access paper here.

• Dec 16th 2021: Dr Parris has co-authored a paper that introduces a tool to support plastic pollution policy. Read the open access paper here.

• Nov 22nd 2021: Dr Anger-Kraavi has co-authored a paper with Paris Reinforce. Read the open access version here

Want to know more about our high-profile publications? Check out our Publication Highlights!




Climate Change Policy Group

Centre of Atmospheric Science

Yusuf Hamied Department of Chemistry

University of Cambridge