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Yusuf Hamied Department of Chemistry

 

University Lecturer

Environmental and climatic effects of volcanic gases and aerosols

I am an Interdisciplinary Lecturer in Climate Modelling jointly affiliated with the Departments of Chemistry and Geography. I combine expertise in atmospheric science, climate modelling, and volcanology to advance the current understanding of volcanic impacts and hazards. In particular, I investigate the impact of volcanism on atmospheric chemistry, climate, air quality, human health, ecosystems and aviation using a wide range of atmospheric models and volcanological datasets. I am particularly interested in continuously degassing volcanoes and effusive Icelandic volcanic eruptions and their effects on air quality and climate. I am convinced that these eruptions serve as a perfect natural lab and can help better understand and quantify aerosol-cloud interactions.

Recent research

I have extensively studied the most recent Icelandic eruption at Holuhraun (Bárðarbunga volcano). Starting in August 2014, Holuhraun erupted effusively for 6 months and emitted up to nine times as much sulphur dioxide per day as all European industry combined, which led to a measureable episodic degradation of air quality across Northern Europe in September 2014 (see Schmidt et al., 2015). Combining satellite observations with numerical modelling, we were also able to demonstrate that the eruption had a discernable effect on the brightness of low-level clouds over the North Atlantic (Gettelman et al., 2015; Malavelle et al., 2017).

Publications

Climate change modulates the stratospheric volcanic sulfate aerosol lifecycle and radiative forcing from tropical eruptions.
TJ Aubry, J Staunton-Sykes, LR Marshall, J Haywood, NL Abraham, A Schmidt
– Nature communications
(2021)
12,
4708
Global climate disruption and regional climate shelters after the Toba supereruption.
BA Black, J-F Lamarque, DR Marsh, A Schmidt, CG Bardeen
– Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
(2021)
118,
e2013046118
Unknown Eruption Source Parameters Cause Large Uncertainty in Historical Volcanic Radiative Forcing Reconstructions
LR Marshall, A Schmidt, JS Johnson, GW Mann, LA Lee, R Rigby, KS Carslaw
– Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
(2021)
126,
ARTN e2020JD033578
Increased respiratory morbidity associated with exposure to a mature volcanic plume from a large Icelandic fissure eruption.
HK Carlsen, E Ilyinskaya, PJ Baxter, A Schmidt, T Thorsteinsson, MA Pfeffer, S Barsotti, F Dominici, RG Finnbjornsdottir, T Jóhannsson, T Aspelund, T Gislason, U Valdimarsdóttir, H Briem, T Gudnason
– Nat Commun
(2021)
12,
2161
Model physics and chemistry causing intermodel disagreement within the VolMIP-Tambora Interactive Stratospheric Aerosol ensemble
M Clyne, JF Lamarque, MJ Mills, M Khodri, W Ball, S Bekki, SS Dhomse, N Lebas, G Mann, L Marshall, U Niemeier, V Poulain, A Robock, E Rozanov, A Schmidt, A Stenke, T Sukhodolov, C Timmreck, M Toohey, F Tummon, D Zanchettin, Y Zhu, OB Toon
– Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
(2021)
21,
3317
The 2019 Raikoke volcanic eruption – Part 1: Dispersion model simulations and satellite retrievals of volcanic sulfur dioxide
J De Leeuw, A Schmidt, CS Witham, N Theys, IA Taylor, RG Grainger, RJ Pope, J Haywood, M Osborne, NI Kristiansen
– Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
(2021)
21,
10851
Evidence for the predictability of changes in the stratospheric aerosol size following volcanic eruptions of diverse magnitudes using space-based instruments
LW Thomason, M Kovilakam, A Schmidt, C Von Savigny, T Knepp, L Rieger
– Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
(2021)
21,
1143
Reconciling the climate and ozone response to the 1257 CE Mount Samalas eruption.
DC Wade, CM Vidal, NL Abraham, S Dhomse, PT Griffiths, J Keeble, G Mann, L Marshall, A Schmidt, AT Archibald
– Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
(2020)
117,
26651
Large Variations in Volcanic Aerosol Forcing Efficiency Due to Eruption Source Parameters and Rapid Adjustments
LR Marshall, CJ Smith, PM Forster, TJ Aubry, T Andrews, A Schmidt
– Geophysical Research Letters
(2020)
47,
ARTN e2020GL090241
Spatial and Temporal Variations in SO2 and PM2.5 Levels from 2007-2018 K¯ılauea Volcano, Hawai‘i
RCW Whitty, E Ilyinskaya, E Mason, PE Wieser, EJ Liu, A Schmidt, T Roberts, MA Pfeffer, B Brooks, TA Mather, M Edmonds, T Elias, DJ Schneider, C Oppenheimer, A Dybwad, PA Nadeau, C Kern
– Frontiers in Earth Science
(2020)
8,
36
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Research Group

Research Interest Group

Telephone number

01223 336369

Email address

as2737@cam.ac.uk